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Pathways 2019 Conference


Diversities of migration: racism, difference and inequalities

19 - 20 November 2019, Massey University - Albany Campus, Auckland


Racism and Settler Colonialism / Listening as Ethical and Political Practice / The 'Diversity' Frame / Differences and Inequalities


Shanthi Robertson, Melinda Webber, Anjum Rahman, Emily Beausoleil and Rachel Simon-Kumar.


The Pathways conference was established in the 1990s as an annual event for research and policy communities to discuss current issues relating to immigration and diversity. It is an opportunity to discuss new research findings and current and emerging policy issues for increasingly diverse communities. Presentations from eminent international and local speakers contribute to these conversations.
The 2019 Pathways conference builds on and extends this legacy by addressing the growing Diversities of Migration in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Recent migration trends are characterised by an increasing diversity of nationality, migrant status, occupation, region, gender, sexuality and identity. This demands a renewed emphasis on understanding the drivers and implications of different patterns of migration and settlement within Aotearoa/New Zealand’s bi-cultural context.
Our 2019 title, Arahia He Ara translates to awakening, leading, guiding and influencing the arising of pathways – it speaks to the challenge of pathfinding. Arahia He Ara Pathways 2019 conference speaks to these principles by highlighting the variety of pathways that migration is shaping contemporary Aotearoa while also seeking pathways to address the challenges of racism, settler colonialism and inequalities. Our aspiration is that together we can work as pathfinders, charting new directions for more inclusive societal futures.
Diversities of Migration confronts the fact of social and cultural difference as an ordinary part of society, alongside a need to prioritise treaty-based approaches to diversity and inclusion, problematise growing inequality and consider regional social and economic differences. Through this focus on the Diversities of Migration, Arahia He Ara Pathways 2019 will provide a platform to present the latest insights from research and migrant communities on these matters.
The Capturing the Diversity Dividend of Aotearoa/New Zealand (CaDDANZ) research programme, which involves teams from the University of Waikato and Massey University, hosts this conference along with the active partnership and support of the Human Rights Commission and Auckland Council. We welcome you to Massey University’s Auckland campus for 2019 and trust that you will gain new insights, new relationships, new possibilities and new pathways.

Pathways Conference Speakers

Day ONe: Tuesday 19 November 2019

Welcome: Paul Spoonley

Opening Address: Priyanca Radhakrishnan (Labour List MP)

Part One - Racism and Settler Colonialism

Keynote Speaker - Melinda Webber

More than "brown window dressing": amplifying Indigenous knowledges, prespectives and peoples

Chair - Natalie Jackson

Presenter - Guled Mire
“Racist and discriminatory”: the rise and fall of the ‘family-link’ refugee policy

Presenter - Tze Ming Mok
Yellow perils, diversity mascots and honorary whites: East Asians in the white settler state 

Presenter - Francis Collins & Christina Stringer

Migrant exploitation in Aotearoa/New Zealand

Chair - Arama Rata

Panel Discussion


  • Arama Rata
  • Vanushi Walters
  • Meng Foon
  • Toeolesulusulu Damon Salesa

Chair - Tuiloma Lina-Jodi Vaine Samu

Part Two - Listening as Ethical and Political Practice

Keynote speaker 1 - Anjum Rahman

They would not listen, are they listening now?

Chair - Paul Spoonley

Keynote speaker 2 -Emily Beausoleil

Listening is a martial art: new strategies for transformation in the face of structural injustice

Chair - Robin Peace

Panel Discussion


  • Kat Poi 
  • Camille Nakhid
  • Pax Assadi

Chair: Fezeela Raza

Day two: Wednesday 20th November 2019

Part Three - The Diversity Frame

Keynote Speaker - Rachel Simon-Kumar

Diversity and the social contract in New Zealand: revisiting the politics of recognition

Chair - Francis Collins

Concurrent session 1: New tools for thinking differently about diversity

Presenters - Natalie Jackson & Lars Brabyn

Making diversity data accessible

Presenter - John Ryks

Māori heterogeneity in regional Aotearoa New Zealand

Presenter - Michael Cameron

New tools for projecting and understanding future diversity

Presenters - Geoff Stone & Robin Peace

Dialogues with diversity: working in organisations to understand constraints and opportunities

Chair - Deborah James

Concurrent session 2: Diversity in communities

Presenters - Dave Maré & Jacques Poot

Commuting to diversity

Presenter - Trudie Cain

Reciprocal expressions of care: older adults’ negotiation of community

Presenter - Nicola Sutton

A community-based response to diversity

Presenters - Jenny Wang & Gloria Gao

Diversity’s impact on ethnic community development – A case study of CNSST Foundation

Chair: Jessica Terruhn

Presenter - Sandy Lee

Blurred in translation: personal and professional positionalities and their influence on health-related diversity policy translations

Presenter - Paul Spoonley

‘Performing rage’: undermining diversity recognition in Aotearoa by defending free speech, hate speech and bigotry

Presenter - Aidan Macleod

Beyond the ‘diversity dividend’: valuing inclusion in an explicitly ethical framework

Chair - Trudie Cain

Part Four - Discrimination and Inequalities

(Apologies - we had venue sound issues for the presentations by Tahu, Karlo and Jessica. Recordings are here but unfortunately sound cuts in and out)

Keynote Speaker - Shanthi Robertson

Staggered pathways: the temporalities of work and career for young Asian migrants in Australia

Presenters - Tahu Kukutai & Mandy Yap

Citizenship, cultural identity and Indigenous political participation in Aotearoa New Zealand

Presenter - Karlo Mila

Deconstructing the big brown tails / tales: Pasifika in Aotearoa 

Presenter - Jessica Terruhn

Making space for justice and equality in visions of neighbourhood renewal

Chair - Robin Peace

Panel discussion


  • Rochana Sheward
  • Saunoamaali’i Karanina Sumeo

Chair - Yara Jarallah

Closing Remarks - Francis Collins

Pathways 2018 Conference

Pathways, Diversity and Inclusion Conference

8 - 9 February 2018, Massey University Albany Campus, Auckland 

The Pathways conference was established in the 1990s as an annual event for research and policy communities to discuss current issues relating to immigration and diversity. It is an opportunity to discuss recent research findings, to consider current and emerging policy issues and the outcomes for both immigrants and host communities. And there are the related issues of diversity and inclusion, and how communities understand and interact in situations of diversity/diversification. Presentations from eminent international and local speakers will contribute to these discussions.

The changing demography and diversity of Aotearoa/New Zealand is helping reshape the country, the composition of communities and the nature of identity and institutional engagement. What policies and services are required? How well are our core institutions responding to diversity? Do we really know what is happening in our various communities – and between them? Pathways is a key opportunity to consider what is happening and where the country is heading.

The conference focus on diversity and inclusion is reflected in the title ‘He Rākau Tau Matua’ which refers to a tree that provides sustenance and safety to all those who inhabit the forest. 

The Capturing the Diversity Dividend of Aotearoa/New Zealand (CaDDANZ) research programme, which involves teams from the University of Waikato and Massey University, hosted this conference along with the active partnership and support of the Human Rights Commission, Auckland Council and Diversity Works. All have an active interest in contributing to a relevant evidence base and to positive and inclusive outcomes for New Zealand communities.

Pathways Organisers

Pathways Conference Organising Committee: Professor Paul Spoonley, Julie Taylor and Dr Jessica Terruhn, (Massey University) Dr Carina Meares (Auckland Council) Renae Dixon and Dr Arama Rata (University of Waikato) Rakesh Naidoo and Absent: Michelle Tayler (Human Rights Commission) and  Absent: Bev Cassidy-Mackenzie (Diversity Works)

The Pathways 2018 Conference programme.

To view webcasts of our Pathways Conference click on the links below 

Day One: Thursday 8th February 2018

Day 01 Part 01:  2018 Pathways Conference - Super-diversity and the Social Organisation of Difference 

Keynote Speaker: Professor Steven Vertovec

Chair: Distinguished Professor Paul Spoonley

Opening Address: Minister Jenny Salesa

Day 01 Part 01:  2018 Pathways Conference - New Diversities, New Challenges – (A Panel Discussion) 

Māori and Diversity Acceptance: Insights from the General Social Survey
Professor Tahu Kukutai / Dr Arama Rata 

Migration, Diversity and Stratification: Linking Discourse, Policy and Experience
Associate Professor Francis Collins 

The Social Atlas of New Zealand as a Decision Support Tool
Dr Natalie Jackson / Dr Lars Brabyn 

Sub-national Ethnic Population Projections for Small Ethnic Groups
Associate Professor Michael Cameron 

Chair: Bev Cassidy-Mackenzie

Day 01 Part 02:  2018 Pathways Conference - Religious Diversity: Mixing Matters of Church and State

Keynote Speaker: Father Rod Bower

Opening Address and Q&A: Dame Susan Devoy

Day 01 Part 02:  2018 Pathways Conference - The Role of Religious Leaders in Peace Making (A Panel Discussion)

Professor Paul Morris 

Rev Dr Helen Jacobi

Rick Sahar 

Aliya Danzeisen

Chair: Professor Edwina Pio

Day 01 Part 03:  2018 Pathways Conference - Evaluating Policy Initiatives

Institutional Evaluations: ELPNZ - A Case Study
Dr Geoff Stone / Associate Professor Robin Peace

Migration and Wellbeing
Peter Wilson

Global Impact Visa Evaluation
Mary Adams 

Community Organisations Refugee Sponsorship Pilot Evaluation
Brenda Crane

Chair: Dr Lars Brabyn


Day Two: Friday 9th February 2018  

Day 02 Part 04:  2018 Pathways Conference - Structures of Urban Conviviality: Everyday Multiculturalism as more than Interpersonal

Keynote Speaker: Associate Professor Amanda Wise

Chair: Dr Trudie Cain

Day 02 Part 04:  2018 Pathways Conference - Local Diversities, Local Approaches

Welcoming Communities: Putting out the Welcome Mat to Newcomers
June Rout 

Interculturalism as a Platform for Future Neighbourhood Harmony
Lynda Ford 

Living with ‘Difference’ – Conceptualising Urban Diversity
Dr Jessica Terruhn 

Chair: Councillor Fa’anana Efeso Collins


Day 02 Part 05:  2018 Pathways Conference - Young People of Aotearoa Talk about Identities and Aspirations (A Panel Discussion) 

Panellists:Asena Tolungamaka
Gabriella Brayne
Lincoln Dam
Rez Gardi


Day 02 Part 05:  2018 Pathways Conference - Migration and Colonialism: Communities, Relations, Potentialities (A Panel Discussion)

Aaryn Niuapu
Arama Rata
Faisal Al-Asaad
Julie Zhu

Chair: Associate Professor Alice Te Punga Sommerville

PATHWAYS CONFERENCE 2018 -  To view a discussion between Bev Cassidy (Diversity Works) and Steve Vertovec one of our Pathways Keynote speakers Click here.

Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads 2016 Conference

From Global to Local: Impacts of International Migration, Mobility and Diversity

9-11 November 2016, MBIE Building, Stout Street, Wellington

Established in the 1990s as an annual event to disseminate publicly funded research on international migration and demographic change, the Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads Conference will this year be held in the conference rooms on the ground floor of the MBIE building in Stout Street, Wellington. The conference starts with registration and morning tea at 10.15 am on Wednesday, November 9 and finishes with lunch until 1.30 pm on Friday, November 11.

The opening address will be by the Minister of Immigration, the Hon. Michael Woodhouse (subject to confirmation). Four keynote speakers will provide wide-ranging perspectives on international migration policies and outcomes in a context that varies from global to local.  Precious Clark (Director, Maurea Consulting Ltd, Ngati Whatua Orakei Whai Rawa Ltd, Centre for Social Impact New Zealand) will speak about Māori perspectives on New Zealand’s international migration.  Kathleen Newland (co-founder and Board of Trustees member of the Migration Policy Institute, USA) will focus on issues, initiatives and policies regarding the current forced migration situation globally.  Lesleyanne Hawthorne (Professor, University of Melbourne) will discuss findings from Australia, Canada and the EU on permanent, temporary and study-migration pathways for skilled migrants. Richard Bedford (President, Royal Society of New Zealand) will look back at 30 years of New Zealand immigration policies since the 1986 Burke review.

Besides the keynote addresses, there will be interesting presentations on a wide range of topics.

The session themes include:

  • New Zealand migration and labour market trends
  • Public perceptions of immigration
  • Immigration and regional demographic trends
  • Immigrant integration
  • Superdiversity.  

The conference is co-hosted by the Capturing the Diversity Dividend of Aotearoa New Zealand (CaDDANZ) research team (staff from Massey University, the University of Waikato and Motu Economic and Public Policy Research) and by staff from the Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment (MBIE). An innovation at this year’s conference is the introduction of two workshops.  One of these will focus on population ageing & sub-national population changes. In another workshop graduate students will have the opportunity to talk about their research on topics that inform on international migration, immigrant integration, demographic change and superdiversity issues.

You can download a copy of the conference programme outline here. 

Thank you Malcolm Wood (MBIE) for the wonderful Pathways Conference photos. 

To view these photos click here .

Thank you all Speakers and Conference Attendees. Presentations are available for viewing below.

Pathways Conference Speaker Presentations

Wednesday 9th November

Session One: Immigration Policy

The Importance of immigration to MBIE and New Zealand

- Jo Hughes (Labour & Immigration Policy General Manager, MBIE)

Session Two: Māori perspectives

Mana whenua and immigration: legacies of welcome

- Precious Clark

Never the twain shall meet? Bridging the Indigenous-Immigration research divide

- Tahu Kukutai

Session Three: Migration and labour market trends

How is work changing and to what extent are these changes occurring in New Zealand?

- Alice Cleland/Amapola Generosa/Dan Harvey/Holly Norton

Migration research at MBIE: recent trends and insights

- Antony Kennedy

Migrant labour market outcomes across regions and industries in New Zealand

-Manuila Tausi

Session Four: Looking back over three decades

Reflections on a revolution: immigration policy, 1986-2016

- Richard Bedford

Thursday 10th November

Session Five: Forced migration: public values and prejudice

The year of summiting dangerously: How the world is coping with record levels of forced migration

- Kathleen Newland

The New Zealand attitudes and values study

- Chris Sibley

Session Six: Immigration and the regions

Supporting regional growth

Judi Altinkaya

Mapping Diversity

Natalie Jackson/Lars Brabyn

Multi-region stochastic population projections for New Zealand - Results and implicatins for ethnic projections

Michael Cameron/Jacques Poot

Session Seven: Immigrant integration

The role of intercultural competence in retaining immigrants and enhancing settlement

Colleen Ward

English Language Partners New Zealand: what enables and constrains their contribution to newcomer settlement?

Geoff Stone/Robin Peace

Link to Google Presentation

Social capital accumulation and immigrant integration: a synthesis of New Zealand research

Matt Roskruge/Jacques Poot

Session Eight: Superdiversity

Superdiversity: the new reality - or restating the obvious?

Paul Spoonley

Diversification and changing neighbourhood spaces in Auckland's Avondale

Jessica Terruhn/Junjia Ye

International students' narratives of socialisation in a super-diverse New Zealand high school

Ben Soltani

Session Nine: Skilled migration

Designer Immigrants? The growing global demand for international students as skilled migrants

Lesleyanne Hawthorne

Do immigration and diversity boost firm performance?

Dave Mare/Jacques Poot

Session Ten: Workshops

Workshop 1: Tai timu tangata - taihoa e? The ebbing of the human tide - what will it mean for the people?

Why do some towns grow and others not? Outlining the demographic components of change for the period 1976-2013

Natalie Jackson

Tracking the paths of ageing and depopulation in regional New Zealand

Michael Cameron

Depopulation by day: commuting zones

Dave Mare/Bill Cochrane

Human habitat modelling - identifying the preferred urban setting in New Zealand

Lars Brabyn

Workshop 2: Postgraduate students workshop A

Samoa: Exploring the linkages between climate change and population movements

Ximena Flores-Palacios

Oceans away: Sri Lankan migration, distance, material practice & hybrid identities

Shemana Cassim

Deliberate religiosities and disjunct modernities: working immigrant Muslim women in 21st century New Zealand

Hina Cheema

Workshop 3: Postgraduate students workshop B

Why do Asian New Zealanders earn less than the rest?: a case of lower income return on education

Liza Bolton

Overseas Filipino workers and the Christchurch rebuild

Jesse Hunter

Youth, mobilities, and time: Taiwanese working holidaymakers in New Zealand

Lisa Tsai

Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads 2015 Conference

Diversity and Migration:Transforming Our Cities and Regions

23-24 July 2015, Members Lounge, Westpac Stadium, Wellington

The 'face of New Zealand is changing rapidly as a consequence of the settlement of migrants from all over the world, temporary and circular international immigration, growing ethnic diversity, population ageing, changing fertility patterns and urban growth. The Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads conference offers an exciting array of local and International speakers to discuss how New Zealand can better respond to these demographic changes in order to maximise the benefits associated with an increasingly diverse population.

The topics include:

  • The socio-economic impacts of diversity
  • Managing superdiversity
  • Regional trends and diversity
  • Migration and inequality
  • Migrants and business
  • Immigration, circulation and settlement of migrants.

This year, Pathways is hosted by the CaDDANZ research team (Massey University and and University of Waikato) and the the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment.

You can download a copy of the conference programme here.

  Conference Programme 2015.pdf

Thank you all Conference Attendees. Thank you to those who provided their Presentations and gave permission for them to be shared on this website. These can now be viewed below.

Pathways Conference Speaker Presentations

Thursday 23 July

Session 1 - State of the Nation

- Immigration in the context of MBIE's wider policy goals and objectives

Stephen Dunstan ( Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment)

Stephen Dunstan Pathways 2015

Session 2 -Migration and Business

- New Zealand's investor migrants:Decision making and experiences

Mary Adams and Natalie Ellen-Eliza (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment)

Mary Adams Pathways 2015

- Migrant entrepreneurs - What makes a successfuly migrant business?

Michael Eglinton (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment)

Michael Eglinton Pathways 2015

- Understanding the Christchurch rebuild workforce: A baseline measure of their characteristics

Alice Cleland and Virginia Burns (Inland Revenue)

Alice Cleland Pathways 2015

Session 3 - Immigration, Circulation and Settlement

- Here for good?

Judi Altinkaya ( Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment)

Judi Altinkaya Pathways 2015

-Vulnerable migrant workers in New Zealand. What do we know?

Wendy Searle (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment)

Wendy Searle Pathways 2015

-"The RSE is just the beginning": Reflections on recent developments in managed temporary migration programmes for Pacific Islanders in New Zealand

Richard Bedford (University of Waikato)

Richard Bedford Pathways 2015

Session 4 - Diversity Impacts

- The economics of cultural diversity: What have we learned?

Invited International Speaker: Max Nathan (London School of Economics and National Institute of Social and Economic Research, United Kingdom)

Max Nathan Pathways 2015

- An outline of CaDDANZ research

Jacques Poot (University of Waikato)

Jacques Poot Pathways 2015

Friday 24 July

Session 1 - (Super) Diversity: Cities, Institutions and Politics

- A post-multicultural era? Diversification, cities and the politics of diversity

Invited International Speaker: Maria Schiller (Max Planck Institute, Germany)

Maria Schiller Pathways 2015

- Superdiversity in Aotearoa: Institutional responsiveness to diversification

Paul Spoonley (Massey University)

Paul Spoonley Pathways 2015

Session 2 - Superdiversity and Commonplace Diversity

- Commonplace diversity. So what?

Angelique Praat and Robin Peace (Massey University)

Praat and Peace Pathways 2015

-The Balmoral shops: Bridging the gap between knowing and doing

Trudie Cain and Carina Meares (Auckland Council)

Meares and Cain Pathways 2015

Session 3 - Regional Trends and Diversity

- Immigration outcomes of international tertiary students

Cath Taylor (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment)

Cath Taylor Pathways 2015

- Does the power of diversity in governance apply to schools? Exploratory evidence from New Zealand

Jacques Poot and Louis Wright (University of Waikato)

Poot, Wright and Day Pathways 2015

Towards a Social Atlas for New Zealand

Natalie Jackson (Massey University) and Lars Brabyn (University of Waikato)

Jackson and Brabyn Pathways 2015

Session 4 - Migration and Inequality

- Working on Wall Street or relaxing on the Riviera? Age-related impacts of income and wellbeing on regional migration

Arthur Grimes (Motu)

Arthur Grimes Pathways 2015

- Revisiting income inequality within and between New Zealand's regions:Analysis of 1986-2013 Census Data

Dave Mare (Motu)

Dave Mare Pathways 2015

Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads 2013 Conference

21-22 October, Massey University Great Hall, Theatrette and Tea Rooms, Wellington


Immigration is an important contributor to the demographic, cultural and skills make-up of contemporary Aotearoa/New Zealand. Mobility, both internal and international, is reshaping the current and future demography of the country and is a major factor in the labour market, trade and innovation.  

The Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads Conference offered an exciting array of local and international speakers to discuss the impacts of these rapidly changing populations as well as the processes and policies of international migration systems. The topics included:

  • The regional impacts of migration
  • The role of international students
  • Issues of immigration policy
  • The impacts and outcomes of temporary migration
  • Creating a sense of community in an environment changed by mobility and migration
  • New research methods for understanding an increasingly mobile population

This year, Pathways was hosted by the Nga Tangata Oho Mairangi research team (Massey University and the University of Waikato) and the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment.

The conference was attended by over 150 people from a range of backgrounds including policy people, academics and community service providers. 

You can download a copy of the  Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads 2013 (367 KB)  conference programme.


The 2012 Pathways to Metropolis in the 21st Century: Immigration Issues and Futures Conference

24—26 October 2012

Massey University, Auckland

For the last 10 years, the New Settlers/Integration of Immigrants Programme research team have helped organise a conference on immigration issues.  This has always been held in Wellington as a key audience were government departments. In 2012, this was changed and the event was held at Massey University, Albany, Auckland. The conference was sponsored by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment and the Auckland Council (Research, Investigation and Monitoring Unit) and was also organised as an AKE Hub activity in association with the International Metropolis Project.

The event was attended by over 350 people. Of these, 17 were from North America, 23 were from Australia, 13 were from Europe, 17 were from the Pacific and 19 were from Asia. In terms of New Zealand based attendees, 63 were from Wellington and another 23 were from other parts of New Zealand. It was particularly pleasing to know that two-thirds (238) were from community service and NGO organisations or government departments, underlining the applied/engaged appeal of the conference and the issues. Very positive comments were made about the presence of some globally eminent researchers and the interaction between local research and policy communities, including by the Minister of Immigration, Hon Nathan Guy who opened the event.  

The plenaries involved a stellar group of international and local speakers: Highlights can be viewed on the Pathways Conference website. The 2012 Pathways to Metropolis in the 21st Century conference programme is also available as a PDF.

The 2011 Pathways, Circuits and Crossroads Conference

12—13 December 2011

City Gallery, Civic Square, Wellington

The annual meeting of several research programmes dealing with processes and policies of relevance to New Zealand's international migration system was held on 12 and 13 December, 2011 at the Adam Auditorium in City Gallery, Civic Square, Wellington.

The 2011 meeting was organised by Massey University and the University of Waikato's Integration of Immigrants Programme in collaboration with the New Zealand Department of Labour.

Download Event Programme pdf